What is menopause?
Menopause is a natural process, which all women will experience. In Singapore, menopause usually occurs in women when they reach 51 or 52 years old. As you approach menopause, you may experience symptoms such as:
- Hot flashes
- Vaginal dryness
- Irritability and mood swings
Fortunately, menopause and its symptoms can be managed using several treatment methods:
Hormone Replacement Therapy for Menopause
Hormone replacement therapy is the most common treatment to control menopausal symptoms. At Raffles Women's Centre, we offer several types of therapies:
Oestrogen pills are the most effective treatment option for relieving menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes, as well as protecting against bone loss. If you are at risk of osteoporosis, your gynaecologist may also prescribe vitamin D to you to strengthen your bones. For women who have not undergone a hysterectomy, they may require progestin as well.
Effective in relieving vaginal dryness, oestrogen can be administered directly into your vagina using vaginal creams, tablets, or rings. These treatments release a small amount of oestrogen, which is absorbed by your vagina. They may also relieve discomfort when having sexual intercourse, as well as manage some urinary symptoms.
If you are approaching menopause and would like to undergo hormone replacement therapy to control your menopausal symptoms, make an appointment with our gynaecologist to find out which therapy is most suitable for you.
Alternative Therapies for Menopause Symptoms
Besides hormone replacement therapy, your doctor may also recommend alternative therapies to ease your menopausal symptoms:
Red clover or eucommia bark tablets
These herbal supplements may help to control menopause symptoms. As some women may experience certain side effects after taking this supplement, do check with your doctor to find out if it is suitable for you.
These occur naturally in certain foods such as soybeans, lentil, chickpeas, legumes, flaxseed, wholegrains, as well as some fruits and vegetables.
These foods have some weak oestrogen-like effects, so they may relieve some menopausal symptoms.
Before embarking on a plant oestrogen-based diet, though, talk to a doctor to check your suitability.
Lifestyle Changes to Cope with Menopause
You can also cope with the changes of menopause by making adjustments to your lifestyle and incorporating some healthy habits. These include:
Avoiding foods or activities that trigger your hot flashes
These may include hot beverages, caffeine, spicy foods, alcohol, or being under hot weather.
Using vaginal lubricants
Over-the-counter, water-based vaginal lubricants or moisturisers can relieve vaginal dryness. Avoid products that contain glycerin, since they may irritate or cause a burning sensation in your vagina.
Practising relaxation techniques
Techniques such as deep breathing, going for a massage, or progressive muscle relaxation may help with mood swings caused by menopause.
Eating a balanced diet
Include fruits, vegetables, and whole grains in your diet, and limit your intake of saturated fats and oils, as well as sugars.
Make an Appointment
Make an appointment online or contact a women's clinic near you to consult a gynaecologist. To make an appointment, select "Specialist Appointment". Under Specialist Appointment Details, select "Obstetrics & Gynaecology".