Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that develop on the surface or the inside of the ovaries. Many women will develop one at some point in their lives.
Some common types of physiologic ovarian cysts that may develop include:
Usually develops during a woman’s menstrual period. An egg will normally be released from its follicle, and travels through the fallopian tube.
Corpus luteum cyst
This type of cyst forms when fluid accumulates inside a follicle after it releases its egg.
Other types of cysts not related to the normal function of a woman’s menstrual cycle include:
These cysts may contain hair, fat, or other tissues.
These cysts are found on the surface of the ovary and may be filled with water or mucin.
Most ovarian cysts do not show any symptoms of developing. However, you may experience some discomfort if you have a large ovarian cyst. These may include:
- Bloating or swelling
- Painful bowel movements
- Pelvic pain before or during the menstrual cycle
- Painful sexual intercourse
- Lower back or thigh pain
Treating Ovarian Cysts
Depending on your symptoms and the size of your cyst, our doctors will discuss with you the various treatment plans and customise one according to your needs.
Most physiological ovarian cysts are harmless. In most cases, the cysts will go away within a few months without treatment.
However, your doctor may recommend treating the cyst or removing it surgically if it does not go away on its own, or if it grows bigger. The type of surgery recommended depends on the size of your ovarian cyst, as well as if it is benign or cancerous.
Most cysts are removed through keyhole surgery (laparoscopic surgery). Compared to an open surgery, this is a minimally invasive procedure with a shorter hospital stay and faster recovery.
Your doctor may recommend an open surgery when the cysts are too big to be removed with laparoscopic surgery, or if the cysts are suspected to be cancerous.