Dealing with Diabetes: Understanding, Controlling, and Preventing This Chronic Condition

Understanding, Controlling, and Preventing Diabetes

Diabetes, a chronic condition that affects millions worldwide, is characterised by high blood sugar levels. It is more than just a health issue, it is a lifestyle concern. With appropriate measures, you can manage diabetes effectively, leading to a healthier, happier life. In this article, we explain what diabetes is, its causes, symptoms, potential health risks, and ways to control it.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic health condition that occurs when your body cannot use or produce enough insulin, which is a hormone that regulates the amount of sugar in your blood. There are two primary types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2.

Statistics (Singapore)

Diabetes is a serious health issue in Singapore. According to the National Health Survey 2020, about 11.3 per cent of Singapore residents aged 18-69 years have diabetes.

What causes diabetes?

While the exact causes vary depending on the type of diabetes, common factors include genetic predisposition, environmental factors, lifestyle choices, and obesity.

Diabetes causes - Sugar build up in the blood stream

What are type 1 and 2 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes

It is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and it occurs when the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.

Type 2 diabetes

It is the most common form, develops when the body becomes resistant to insulin or when the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin. This type often stems from obesity and lack of physical activity.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

Common symptoms include increased thirst and urination, extreme hunger, unexplained weight loss, fatigue, blurred vision, and frequent infections. However, some people with diabetes do not show any symptom, particularly those with type 2 diabetes.

What are the potential health risks?

Diabetes can lead to severe health complications, including heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, eye problems, and nerve damage. Therefore, effective diabetes management is critical to minimise these risks.

Weight management, weight control

Controlling diabetes

Managing diabetes often requires a multi-faceted approach, including:

  • Healthy eating: Follow a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein.
  • Regular physical activity: Exercise helps maintain a healthy weight and can improve insulin sensitivity.
  • Regular check-ups and monitoring: Monitoring your blood sugar levels and having checkups regularly are essential.

Change of lifestyle for healthy living - ExerciseChange of lifestyle - have a healthy diet

When to see a doctor?

If you exhibit symptoms of diabetes or have risk factors such as obesity, a family history of diabetes, or a sedentary lifestyle, consult a doctor. Find a Primary Care Network clinic near you for comprehensive care.

HealthierSG Initiative

Sign up for HealthierSG to access government subsidies and work towards a healthier you. Raffles Medical is proud to participate in this initiative, offering dedicated HealthierSG clinics for your convenience.

Commonly Asked Questions

 How to cure diabetes?

While there is currently no cure for diabetes, it can be managed effectively through a combination of medication, diet, and lifestyle changes.

How to prevent diabetes?

Maintaining a healthy weight, engaging in regular physical activity, eating a balanced diet, and regular screening for early detection can help prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes.

Let us not let diabetes control our lives. Together, we can strive for a HealthierSG!